Oracle 8i: The Shortcomings That Exist
Oracle 8i was a pioneering version of the database management system that was introduced by Oracle Corporation in 1999. It was the first database to introduce the concept of a nullable column, along with other meaningful enhancements. However, despite its achievements, there were several shortcomings of the Oracle 8i that hampered its efficiency and effectiveness. This article will discuss some of these shortcomings.
1. Lack of support for XML
Perhaps the most significant shortcomings of Oracle 8i was its lack of support for XML, which made it challenging for users to store, access and manipulate XML data. The absence of this functionality meant that users needed to create alternative workarounds that were not always effective.
2. Poor data recovery features
Another significant shortcoming of Oracle 8i was its poor data recovery features. In some instances, data was lost, and the only solution was to rebuild the entire database, and this was time-consuming and not always efficient.
3. Limited Scalability
Oracle 8i had scalability limitations that affected its performance when it came to storing and managing large amounts of data. It had a maximum database size of 4GB, which meant that users with complex databases or large datasets had to manage multiple smaller databases.
4. Limited support for internet applications
Oracle 8i has limited support for internet applications, which meant that it was not the best option for companies or individuals who heavily depend on online applications. Internet applications require high-speed internet connectivity, robust architecture and a more robust database, which Oracle 8i could not always provide.
5. Lack of comprehensive security features
One of the significant shortcomings of Oracle 8i was its lack of robust security features. The database management system lacked features such as data encryption, which made it easy for data to be accessed by unauthorized users. Such a shortcoming could have significant implications for sensitive information.
6. Limited functionality for backup and recovery
Oracle 8i had limited functionality for backup and recovery. It lacked the adequate features to automate backup and recovery, which meant that it was a manual and time-consuming process. Also, the backup processes were less reliable, and as such, users had to frequently check the backup to ensure that it was functional.
In summary, Oracle 8i, despite being a pioneer of database management systems, had several shortcomings that hampered its efficiency and effectiveness. Its lack of support for XML, poor data recovery features, limited scalability, limited support for internet applications, lack of comprehensive security features, and limited functionality for backup and recovery are just some of the shortcomings that affected its performance.
CREATE TABLE customers (
id INT NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT ,
name VARCHAR(255) NOT NULL ,
eml VARCHAR(255) NOT NULL ,
password VARCHAR(255) NOT NULL ,
PRIMARY KEY (id)
The above code shows the creation of a customer table in Oracle 8i. However, the limitations of the system made it challenging to handle large datasets and provide adequate backup and recovery functionality. These were some of the shortcomings that led to the development of newer, more robust database management systems.